Carefully select grasses according to their intended uses, planting location, and maintenance requirements. Grasses require more frequent watering and maintenance than most other landscape plants.
Selected Lawn Grasses
- Buffalo Grass. This is the only native Texas lawn grass and is the best choice for dry climates. Buffalo grass needs at least six hours of sun per day. It requires little water and fertilizer, and will survive in poor soil. Left to grow uncut, this prairie grass reaches a maximum height of 6 to 12 inches. It takes one to two years to establish it from seed, but sod is available.
- Bermuda Grass. This popular grass is easy to maintain and inexpensive to install. It grows best in full sun, poorly in shade. It can be a problem because it spreads into planting beds. Common Bermuda grass is less susceptible to diseases and insects than other Bermuda varieties.
- Zoysia Grass. A slow-growing grass for full sun to partial shade, Zoysia grass is exotic looking with dark green, thick, and succulent foliage. Like Bermuda, it holds up well to foot traffic from people and pets. Zoysia grasses are somewhat less drought tolerant than buffalo and Bermuda grasses.
- St. Augustine Grass. A wider blade than Bermuda grass, it can tolerate more shade, but it will not do well in heavy shade. St. Augustine requires more water and care than other grasses, and is susceptible to freeze and disease. The hybrid cultivar Raleigh is less disease prone than other varieties
- City of Austin – Landscape Installation & Maintenance
- Aggie Turf – Answers 4 You – Turf Grass Information
- Aggie Turf – Home Lawns – Grass type selection
- Aggie Turf – Establishing New Grass
- Aggie Turf – Overseeding Bermudagrass Turf
- WaterSmart – Grass Selection & Care for the Upper Gulf Coast of Texas
- Aggie Horticulture – Outstanding Grasses for Texas – adaptation map
For more information
Regarding the selecting the best grass for your yard, see Local Resources for contacts your county extension office, city environmental office, local garden center, and other organizations in your area. These sources can help you design a yard that is appropriate to your climate, soil, and other local features.